FunctionList multiple function

superclass: AbstractFunction

A FunctionList is a function that composes multiple functions into one. This allows allow to deal transparently with several functions as if they were one and to append new functions at a later point. The functions are evaluated in the order they have in the FunctionList's array, which is by default the order in which they have been added to it.

See the Functions help file for a basic introduction.


create a new instance. functions is an array of functions or objects

array return the FunctionList's array. New functions can be added to the array dierctly, e.g.

x = FunctionList(...some functions);  x.array = x.array.insert(2, aFunction);

array_(array) set the array of the FunctionList.

addFunc(function, function ..) 

This message is used to be able to add to an Object, to a Function, or to a FunctionList.

nil.addFunc returns a function, if only one function is passed in the argument.

function.addFunc then returns a FunctionList. 

removeFunc(function), remove a function from the list. 

returns the last function when only one function is left.

returns nil when the last function was removed.

addFunc and removeFunc are implemented for Nil, Object and FunctionList

nil.addFunc(f): returns f

obj.addFunc(f): returns FunctionList([obj, f])

nil.removeFunc(f) returns nil

obj.removeFunc(f) returns nil, if f === obj, else obj is returned

// example

a = nil;

a = a.addFunc { |x="", y=""| "this % is an % example\n".postf(x, y); 1 };


a = a.addFunc { |x="", y=""| "there is no % that is %\n".postf(x, y); 2 };


a.value("text", "extraordinary well written")

a.valueArray(["x", "y"]);


().use {

~x = "array";

~y = "ominous";





// removing a function

x = { "removal test".postln };



a = a.removeFunc(x);


// mathematics

a = nil;

a = a.addFunc({ 1.0.rand }).addFunc({ [0, 1].choose });

a = a.squared.linexp(0, 1, 1.0, 500);


// compatibility with function multichannel expansion

a = nil;

a = a.addFunc { |x=0| if(x > 0) { 7 } { 1000.rand } };

a = a.addFunc { |x=0| if(x < 0) { 17 } { -1000.rand } };


a = a.flop;


a.value([-1, 1])

// typical usage in a Document action

// see also SCView: addAction example.

d = Document.current;

d.keyDownAction = { "You touched the keyboard.".postln };

d.keyDownAction = d.keyDownAction.addFunc {:x, x<-(1..), :: "already % times\n\n".postf(x) };

d.keyDownAction = nil;

// even if you don't know if there is already an action defined

// one can add one.


d.keyDownAction = nil;

d.keyDownAction = d.keyDownAction.addFunc {:x, x<-(1..), :: "already % times\n\n".postf(x) };


d.keyDownAction = nil;

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